4 edition of Biological growths on sandstone buildings found in the catalog.
Biological growths on sandstone buildings
|Statement||by Sonja Cameron ... [et al.].|
|Series||Historic Scotland technical advice note -- 10|
|Contributions||Cameron, Sonja., Historic Scotland., Historic Scotland. Technical Conservation, Research and Education Division.|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||vii, 40p. p. :|
|Number of Pages||40|
Book Description. Coping with Biological Growth on Stone Heritage Objects: Methods, Products, Applications, and Perspectives offers hands-on guidance for addressing the specific challenges involved in conserving historical monuments, sculptures, archaeological sites, and caves that have been attacked and colonized by micro- and macroorganisms. The volume . Wakefield, R. D., M. Young, K. Tonge, and D. Urquhart. "Effects and efficacy of some masonry biocides applied to Scottish sandstone in the control of biological growths: current studies." In Conservation science in the UK: preprints of the meeting held in Glasgow, May , pp. James & James Science Publishers Ltd.,
Maintenance and repair issues for stone cleaned sandstone and granite building façades. The accelerating rate of decay on some sandstone buildings is a cause for concern because there is a temptation to initiate repairs based on short-term expediency. (e.g. colour changes, roughening, biological growths) can be serious from the point Cited by: Sandstone was a common building material in the early years of Washington, D.C., because it could be found locally in a government-owned quarry and was easy to cut to shape. Builders originally used sandstone for the U.S. Capitol's exterior as well as for interior floors, walls and other elements.
Although not all recommended practices are applicable to exterior stone monuments, biological growths on stone have been controlled in part by changing environmental conditions. primarily access to moisture (Lefevre, ; Charola et al.. ; Del Monte et al.. ). Direct treatments affect the life cycle of the by: Algae, fungus, lichens, moss growth on various outdoor surfaces: problem diagnosis & cure - How to clean graves, tombstones, stone walls, sidewalks Colors & Types of Stains, algae, lichens, moss, fungae, or other substances found on Stone Surfaces Black Stains on Stone Surfaces due to Algae, Fungus, or Dirt, Soot, Debris Black Staining & Stone Damage from Cyanobacteria - .
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Biological Growths on Sandstone Buildings: Control and Treatment (Historic Scotland Technical Advice Note) [Sonja Cameron] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Biological Growths on Sandstone Buildings: Control and Treatment (Historic Scotland Technical Advice Note): Sonja Cameron: : Books.
Building on earlier associated studies, the resulting research report, Biological Growths, Biocide Treatnzent, Soiling and Decay of Sandstone Buildings and Monuments in Scotland, was presented and.
TAN 10 - Biological Growths on Sandstone Buildings: Control and Treatment Guidance on the effect of biological growths on sandstone structures and the feasibility of their removal, with advice on appropriate methods of control.
tan biological growths on sandstone buildings Published on Guidance on the effect of biological growths on sandstone structures and the feasibility of. Get this from a library. Biological growths on sandstone buildings: control and treatment. [Sonja Cameron; Historic Scotland. Technical Conservation Research and Education Division.;].
Aims to provide guidance to practitioners regarding the colonisation of stone by biological growths, the effect of growths on the stone, and the feasibility as well as the means of removing the growth. ISBN Publisher Information. Biological growths including algae, lichens, bacteria, fungi and mosses are common on building sandstones wherever suitable conditions by: Biological growths such as algae, bacteria, fungi, lichens and mosses are common on the exterior of buildings, especially in rural areas.
They will colonise stonework wherever suitable conditions of moisture, light, temperature and nutrition occur. Although microorganisms can cause damage to building stone. Biological agents on building materials can be considered a widespread occurrence that can promote changes in stone surfaces, namely, outdoors, which Author: Daniela Pinna.
Historic buildings and monuments are liable to be affected by a wide variety of 'biological growth' ranging from the roots of mature trees that form part of a designed or natural landscape to micro-organisms that can be found on external and internal surfaces of building materials.
Biological growths such as algae, bacteria, fungi, lichens and mosses are common on the exterior of buildings, especially in rural areas.
Although microorganisms can damage stone (Bock and Sand. Examination carried out on decayed spalled stone taken from a Scottish 13th Century sandstone castle showed microorganism colonization, predominantly by Trentepohlia Aurea () and a number of other bacteria, fungal species, and blue green of the major factors of the stone decay process is solubilization of cations such as Ca by micro-organisms by the Cited by: 3.
Baumberger sandstone is a Cretaceous biomicritic fine-grained stone, with a porosity of 19 vol %. Dunhouse sandstone is a Carboniferous fine-grained siliceous sandstone, with vol % porosity. Dunhouse sandstone contains iron oxides (6%) and clay minerals (8%) in the cement; Baumberger sandstone typically contains 40–50% by: Building with stone: Sandstone (Part I) 16 July Barry Hunt continues his series of articles exploring the main categories of natural stone used in construction by turning his attention to sandstone, possibly the stone most easily understood by the layperson – simply sand that has been cemented together.
Bio-bricks: Biologically cemented sandstone bricks Article in Construction and Building Materials March with 2, Reads How we measure 'reads'. However, at the same time the chemical decomposition of stone could precede a physical disintegration, and the studies of Wakefield et al.
() of a 13th century sandstone building in Scotland and the work of Ortega-Morales et al. () and Gaylarde et al.,Gaylarde et al., on Ancient Mayan buildings in the Yucatan (Mexico Cited by: Urquhart DCM, Jones MS, Nicholson KA, Wakefield R, Young ME () Biological growths, biocide treatment, soiling and decay of sandstone buildings and monuments.
Report to Historic Scotland Viles HA () Implications of future climate change for stone by: Face bedded sandstone, pointed with cement mortar, exhibiting 'delamination'. Ashlar indents cut to fit and tooled to match existing masonry. Fig. 7 Damage to masonry caused during : Clare Torney. © Historic Environment Scotland - Scottish Charity No.
SC, VAT Registration No. Historic Scotland is a brand of HES. Sandstone buildings are synonymous with the eastern Free State. In fact, in almost every small town you’ll find an example of this architecture.
Such is the quality and splendour of Free State sandstone that it has inspired some of the country’s most important structures – including the Union Buildings in Pretoria.
Defects in stonework - Designing Buildings Wiki - Share your construction industry knowledge. Stone is a natural but complex material. Within the general headings of sandstone and limestone there are many stone types, with different durability and weathering characteristics, and so the defects below are inevitably generalised.A number of recent studies have explored the impact of climate change on natural building stones.
Because of its sensitivity to change, sandstone can be seen as having a predictable, recognisable and sustained response to changes in system inputs that control performance – most crucially for the UK and Ireland, how it responds to an increased moisture by: Cleaning limestone War memorials are often made from limestone, sandstone, granite or marble.
Even though The two main issues affecting war memorials are pollution and biological growths. Often Graffiti on historic buildings and monuments: methods of File Size: KB.